Upon arrival at one of Indiana's correctional facilities, an offender meets with Case Management staff to begin building his or her Case Plan. The Case Plan is developed from the results of the Indiana Risk Assessment System (IRAS), which is based on the following criminogenic risk domains:
- Criminal History
- School and Employment
- Family and Social Support
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health
- Criminal Lifestyle
By focusing on these risk domains, Case Management staff can identify solution-based programming that helps break down barriers to successful Re-Entry.
The Indiana Department of Correction has categorized all offered programming into one of the following categories.
- Activity: Facility specific activities that are approved by the facility head, which do not meet the criteria of a Program or Course.
- Course: Group or self-study approved by the Commissioner or his/her designee with standardized curriculum that does not qualify for a time cut/earned credit time.
- Program: An earned credit time/time cut program of study, approved by the Commissioner or his/her designee, which includes any of the following criteria; Standardized Curriculum, Validated Evidence-Based Practices (EBP), Established Performance Measures.
Literacy Education – Program
Thirty-four percent of the Department’s adult population is functionally illiterate. On-going research has found that ex-offenders who are employed post-release are less likely to recidivate. Increasing educational attainment while incarcerated holds the promise of increasing employment opportunities at sustainable wages and ending a repetitive cycle of involvement in the State’s criminal justice system. Indiana’s Correctional Education programs begin with a strong commitment of resources to basic reading, mathematics, and language arts.
TASC (Test Assessing Secondary Completion) – Program
TASC is a national high school equivalency assessment that assesses five subject areas including Reading, Writing, Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies.
Vocational Education – Program
The Department with the guidance of the Indiana Department of Workforce Development (DWD) provides vocational programs ranging from Auto Body to Welding throughout the state’s adult system. Instructors are typically certified as occupational specialists by the Indiana Department of Education. Examples of available vocational programs are listed below.
- Business Technology
- Building Trades
- Culinary Arts
- Master Student/Master Employee
U.S. Department of Labor (USDOL) Apprenticeship – Program
The partnership between the U.S. Department of Labor Office of Apprenticeship and the Indiana Department of Correction has developed into the largest prison apprenticeship training program in the country today. The program continues to show strong growth both in number of apprentices and apprentice graduates. Registered Apprenticeship programs meet the skilled workforce needs of Indiana’s businesses by training qualified individuals for lifelong careers. Skills such as traditional construction and manufacturing, as well as new emerging industries like information technology, energy, telecommunications and more are being learned inside Indiana’s prisons. Apprenticeship provides a structure whereby one can obtain work habits and skills that will be attractive to potential employers, and open the door to meaningful occupations and long-term success. USDOL Apprenticeship has provided opportunity to millions of Americans for over 70 years. With over 250,000 sponsors supporting over 30,000 different Registered Apprenticeship programs across the country, Apprenticeship we will continue to work to create employment opportunities for all Americans. PEN Industries oversees this program for the agency. Examples of available Department of Labor Apprenticeship programs are listed below.
- Assembly Technician
- Machine Operator
- Office Manager
- Computer Operator
- Landscape Management Technician
Purposeful Living Units Served (PLUS) – Program
The Purposeful Living Units Serve (PLUS) program is a faith and character-based community that encourages offenders to choose alternatives to criminal thinking and behavior by providing a focus on spiritual and character development, life-skills training community service, and intentional preparation for living as law-abiding citizens. Key components of the program include a strong positive peer culture a curriculum that addresses risk factors and establishing a mentoring relationship with a positive role model volunteer from the community. In 2009, PLUS was nationally recognized by the American Correctional Chaplains Association by receiving their Offender Program of the Year award.
Reformative Residential Re-Entry Program (RRRP) – Program
The Reformative Residential Reentry Program is closely modeled on the PLUS program, but primarily offered at minimum security facilities. This program provides the opportunity for offenders with shorter sentences to be exposed to aspects of the curriculum utilized in the PLUS program.
Thinking for a Change – Program
The Department utilizes Thinking for a Change version 4.0. T4C 4.0 is an innovative, evidence-based cognitive behavioral curriculum from the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) that has broadly influenced the correctional field and the way correctional facilitators work with offenders. Studies have shown that, when implemented with integrity, it can reduce recidivism among offenders. Lessons focus on the development of social and problem solving skills.
Career Development Training - Program
Career Development Training (CDT) is a cognitive look into the world of work that utilizes assessment and research to allow an individual to better understand where they would most likely find workplace satisfaction. PEN Industries oversees this program for the agency.
Outpatient Substance Abuse Program – Program
The Out-Patient Substance abuse program consists of three Phases. Phase 1 is a guided self-study that is a basic drug education manual. Phase 2 is Cognitive-Behavioral treatment that is evidence based and based on "Best Practices". The Federal Bureau of Prison material is utilized in their Phase as well as Dr. Stanton Samenow's "Commitment to Change". Phase 3 is a 3 segment program based on Relapse Prevention and Re-Entry into society. The 12 Steps are covered as well as TCU Straight Ahead material. These are located at all IDOC facilities.
Therapeutic Communities (TC) – Program
The Department’s TC’s are specialized intensive therapeutic communities designed to treat offenders with severe drug addictions. The program is a minimum of 8 months of intensive cognitive behavioral, evidenced based best practice counseling. Clients are exposed to up to 12-15 hours each day of programming to specifically assist the client to recover from the addiction, build social skills acceptable in society as well as job interviewing skills to help with their employment. Further, the clients work on peer and personal relationship skills to better assist in their recovery when released to their respective communities.
Please see below examples of courses and activities offered within the Indiana Department of Correction. Please note, not all options listed are available at every facility.
AA/NA/CMA (Alcoholics Anonymous, Narcotics Anonymous) – Activity
AA and NA are activities which are best described as self-help and supportive in nature. Volunteers come into DOC facilities and share their personal journey while providing the foundation and structure for a self-help group to be facilitated within the correctional setting.
Anger Management – Course
The course helps participants to understand anger, making a plan for anger, cognitive restructuring, alternatives to expressing anger, and related training.
Business Computer – Course
This program provides an overview of the integrated software packages most often used in the workplace. Those completing have a sound understanding of the basic features and business applications for the word processor, spreadsheet, database, and presentation software in either Microsoft Works Suite or Microsoft Office Professional packages.
Communication – Course
This 22-session course works with participants to enhance their verbal and non-verbal communication skills.
Compassionate Companion Program – Course
This course was developed to provide end-of-life services to terminally ill offenders as well as accompaniment.
Coping with Depression – Course
This course offers assistance and education for dealing with depression.
Criminal Thinking Errors – Course
This course discusses and identifies criminal thinking errors and educates participants on how to change their ideas to pro-active thoughts.
Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) – Course
This is a coping skills group where a different skill is taught each week and each skill builds on the others. This group is geared to teach participants distress tolerance, how to be mindful of their own emotions, and how to appropriately get their needs met.
Decision Making – Course
This course confronts many areas of thought/behavior influencing the decision making process and works through different ways/approaches in dealing with them.
Dog/Cat Rescue Projects – Activity
Several facilities within the Indiana Department of Correction have "adopted" dog and cat rescue projects. These are typically in conjunction with local animal shelters, and are designed to rescue animals that can be difficult to adopt. Participants work with the animals to help increase their changes of being adopted. This activity works to combat offender idleness, as well as assists the local shelters in providing the animals with social exposure. This project has helped to rescue hundreds of animals each year while providing the opportunity for service for the IDOC participants.
English as a Second Language – Course
This program is to help non-English speaking offenders to speak English more clearly, to comprehend the English language with a better understanding, and to develop basic literacy skills in the English Language.
Financial Planning – Course
The Dave Ramsey Financial Peace University course (FPU) is a 9-week course that helps people dump their debt, get control of their money and learn new financial behaviors that are founded on commitment and accountability.
Grief and Loss – Course
This course is intended for participants who have experienced a painful loss and need assistance in processing their grief.
Healthy @ Re-Entry – Course
This class educates offenders on social diseases and healthier living choices in relation to their re-entry. Open only to completed participants of the Healthy Family Program
Healthy Family – Course
A 12-session intensive educational program developed by the National Fatherhood Initiative offered to any participant who will be taking a fathering role in a child’s life. Potential topics covered include fathering assessment, reintegration upon release, substance abuse and teens, anger, child support issues, and many more.
Healthy Starts – Course
This course helps incarcerated pregnant women understand the importance of proper diet, prenatal care, smoking cessation, breastfeeding, safe sleep, depression, relationships, stress reduction, accessing services, shelter placements, referrals, case management, individual counseling and well-baby information.
Inside Out Prison Exchange (IUPUI) – Course
The Inside Out Prison Exchange course is an opportunity for a class from IUPUI and a group of IDOC participants to exchange ideas and perceptions about a given college course subject. It is a chance for all participants to gain a deeper understanding of both the criminal justice system and of ways that society responds to people that violate the laws. IUPUI students are referred to as the “Outside Students” and IDOC facility participants are referred to as the “Inside Students”. This course is offered at different times throughout the year with class dates and times varying.
Life Series – Course
This comprehensive course delivers various topics including Change, Communication, Conflict Resolution, Diversity, Problem Solving, Stress Management, and Values and Ethics.
Lifestyle Changes – Course
This class promotes offenders to focus on positive decision making and changing his lifestyle to non-criminal activities.
Master Gardeners – Course
This class is a 60-hour curriculum which teaches Horticulture, Soils, Landscape Design and related topics.
Moral Reconation Therapy (MRT) – Course
MRT is a cognitive-behavioral counseling course that combines education, group and individual counseling, and structured exercises designed to foster moral development in treatment-resistant clients. As long as clients’ judgments about right and wrong are made from low levels of moral reasoning, counseling them, training them in job skills, and even punishing them will have little long-lasting impact on their behavior. They must be confronted with the consequences of their behavior and the effect that it has had on their family, friends and community. MRT addresses beliefs and reasoning. It is a systematic, step-by-step group counseling treatment approach for treatment-resistant clients. The course is designed to alter how clients think and make judgments about what is right and wrong. The MRT system approaches the problem of treating resistant populations as a problem of low levels of moral reasoning. In this case, “moral” does not refer to a religious concept, but rather the theoretical conceptualization of psychologist Lawrence Kohlberg. Moral reasoning represents how a person makes decisions about what he or she should or should not do in a given situation.
Offenders Tutoring Offenders (OTO)/Peer Tutoring – Course
This is a course where participants meeting specific educational criteria are selected to spend time in a classroom setting tutoring less educated participants. A TASC teacher from the facility’s Education department provides testing to the participants/students approximately twice a month to determine and monitor the student's progress. When a participant/student reaches at least a 6th grade level, the participant is transferred out of the OTO program into a traditional TASC class. There is no defined length of time the participant/student is enrolled in the OTO, as the program is on-going and participants are transitioned in/out based on test scores. The participant/tutor is assigned to the DOL Teacher’s Assistant program.
Pacer – Course
The Pacer extended learning course provides a basic adult education curriculum designed to educate men in academics and general life skills, encouraging responsibility, integrity, and wisdom through ministering to both the minds and hearts of incarcerated offenders. The four classes offered are English, Math, Creative Writing, and Healthy Lifestyles/ Wellness Living.
PNC: Get Smart about Credit – Course
This course is provided by PNC Bank staff and teaches participants about matters involving credit from how to manage money, create a budget, how to read a credit report, and more.
Responsible Fatherhood – Course
The Responsible Fatherhood course utilizes nationally recognized curriculum from the National Fatherhood Initiative to provide participants with the skills to be better fathers. Curriculum including 24/7 Dad and Inside Out Dad provides participants with skills to be better role models for their children. The course encourages participants to develop and maintain stronger ties with their families, which has a positive impact on recidivism.
Shifting Gears – Activity
Shifting Gears is a bicycle restoration projected located at Putnamville Correctional Facility. Participants of the Shifting Gears project work to rebuild and refurbish bikes in need of repair. The refurbished bikes are returned to local community agencies to be provided to children and adults who are need of transportation assistance. Shifting Gears refurbished 453 bikes in 2009.
Stress Management – Course
This course teaches participants how to understand stress. They are also given skills to, during stressful situations, identify how stress effects the body, how it impacts thinking and behavior and how to cope with stress in a more productive way.
Suicide Watch Companions- Course
Suicide Watch Companions are specially trained offenders who assist staff by constantly observing and documenting the activities and behaviors of offenders who have been placed on suicide watch by mental health staff. The suicide watch companion course is designed to minimize risk of harm to self/other when an offender is imminently suicidal and has been placed on constant suicide watch orders.
Take Ten (ND) – Course
The course provides participants with information on navigating problematic social skills including anger management, conflict resolution, values and life principles. Take Ten assists participants in reflecting on their behavior and choices before they are released.
Thoroughbred Horse Retirement – Activity
This activity helps end needless abuse and slaughter of retired race horses by providing humane, viable rescue programs, including permanent retirement and private adoption for thoroughbreds at the end of their racing careers. Participants are taught equine skills and not only maintain these animals, but also help retrain them so they are suitable for use in qualified handicapped and other therapeutic riding programs. This is located at Putnamville Correctional Facility.
Wellness and Nutrition – Course
This course is designed to provide participants with an understanding of aspects of wellness and fitness through; personal health assessment, nutritional guidance, outlines and tracks a 6 week, 12 week, or 16 week fitness program, and provides basics of personal care, hygiene and grooming. This course, where available, is offered through the facility's Recreation department.