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Workshop Materials

Presentations from the 2013 co-hosted TAB Brownfields Workshops are available via the following web links:

Presentations from the 2012 co-hosted TAB Brownfields Workshops are available via the following web links:

Indianapolis, Indiana (Ball State University), August 7, 2012
Indianapolis, Indiana (Grant Writing Workshop), August 8, 2012
Goshen, Indiana (Grant Writing Workshop), August 14, 2012
Ferdinand, Indiana, September 5, 2012

Presentations from the March 20, 2012 Brownfields/OCRA Workshop can be found at http://www.in.gov/ocra/2368.htm

Clearance/Demolition Program Workshop

OCRA Slides from March 20, 2012 Workshop

Indiana Brownfields Program Slides

TAB Program Slides

Presentations from the Brownfields 2011 conference available here

Presentations from the 2011 co-hosted TAB Brownfield Workshops are available via the following web links:

Indianapolis, Indiana, August 4, 2011
Ball State University, Indiana, August 3, 2011
Plainfield, Indiana, June 3, 2011
Peru, Indiana, June 2, 2011

Presentations from the 2010 co-hosted TAB Brownfield Workshops are available via the following web links:

Osgood, Indiana, May 6, 2010
Clarksville, Indiana, May 7, 2010
Monon, Indiana, August 18, 2010
Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana, September 2, 2010

Materials from the July 31, 2009, workshop on U.S. EPA Brownfield Assessment Grant Proposal Writing Strategies:

Materials from the Community Resources for Brownfields Redevelopment workshops held in the Cities of Kendallville and Bluffton on May 14 & 15, 2009, are available on TAB's Web site.

Materials from the National Brownfields Conference 2008 held in Detroit, MI, are available here.

Materials from Indiana Brownfields Program/U.S. EPA Workshop held in Indianapolis on September 18, 2008:

Materials from the IFA Sustainability Workshop held in Indianapolis on June 5, 2008, are available here.

Materials from the Brownfields Workshops held in the cities of Gary, Indianapolis and Jeffersonville in April 2008:

Materials from the Brownfields Renewal Workshop held on Sept. 6, 2007, are available on NALGEP's Web site.

Materials from the Coastal Connections 2006 Land Use Roundtable: Strategies for Linking Redevelopment and Green Space in Northwest Indiana held in Gary on April 27, 2006, are available here.

Guidance Documents

New Adjuncts to ASTM Standard Guide for Greener Cleanups (ASTM E2893-13e1).
ASTM Incorporated recently released two adjuncts that facilitate use of the Standard Guide for Greener Cleanups. One adjunct is the Appendix X2 "Technical Summary Form" as a writable PDF (ADJE289301). The second adjunct is the Appendix X3 "Greener Cleanup BMPs" table containing over 160 best management practices (BMPs) in an Excel format (ADJE289302). With the Excel format, users can sort BMPs applying to particular remediation technologies and core elements and add more BMPs. These adjunct files are available to purchase from ASTM separately or at a reduced rate with the standard. For more information on purchasing the standard and adjuncts, see http://www.astm.org/Standards/E2893.htm .

Brownfields Redevelopment: A Guidebook for Local Governments and Communities

Brownfield Financing | Local Finance Program | Urban Development | U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

When the International City/County Management Association (ICMA) first published this guide in 1997, it was the first comprehensive brownfields guidebook written specifically for local government officials and community leaders. In the brief time since then, the emerging field of brownfields redevelopment has grown exponentially with many changes and transformations. ICMA 2014 Brownfields Redevelopment Guide

Indiana Small Business Guide to Environmental, Safety, and Health Regulations - designed to help small businesses understand and comply with regulations that apply to their operations.  The guide describes how wastes may enter the environment, how to prevent them from doing so, and which remediation methods to use if contamination does occur.  The Compliance and Technical Assistance Program (CTAP) within IDEM's Office of Pollution Prevention and Technical Assistance provides free and confidential environmental assistance to Indiana businesses.  If you have any questions on information in the guide, please call (317) 232-8172 or (800) 988-7901.  Check out the guide at http://www.in.gov/idem/5556.htm

The Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) and the Environmental Security Technology Certification Program (ESTCP) Report on Vapor Intrusion into Indoor Air from Contaminated Groundwater - The goal of the related workshop held on December 19, 2013, was to develop a path forward for investments and technology transfer by SERDP & ESTCP in vapor intrusion assessment.  Specific questions to answer included:  *What additional research is warranted in this area, if any?  *Are there additional technology or methodology demonstrations needed to move the field forward to implementation of key concepts?  *What interactions need to take place with the end users?  *Are additional guidance documents, training, and or seminars needed?  To download the March 2 014 summary report that addresses these issues, go to: http://www.serdp-estcp.org/content/download/23758/240081/version/2/file/Vapor+Intrusion+Workshop+Report-Final.pdf

Continuous Soil Gas Measurements:  Worst Case Risk Parameters - new book from ASTM published by Dr. Lorne Everett is a compilation, coedited with Dr. Mark Kram of Groundswell Technologies, and contains peer-reviewed papers presented at the 2013 ASTM symposium in Jacksonville, Florida.  The symposium, chaired by Dr. Everett, addressed methods for identifying and managing vapor intrustion risks.  This topic is significant because dry cleaners, gasoline stations, refineries, fracking sites, landfills, machine shops, electronics manufacturers, airports, and many other facilites that use (and may spill) chemicals are at risk for vapor intrustion.

Articles in the book summarize state-of-the-art thinking on vapor intrusion by an international team of authors from the USA, Canada, Brazil, United Kingdom, Germany and other nations.  This extensive interest is driven by widespread observations that prevailing sampling programs may fail to fully characterize vapor intrustion problems due to extreme spatial and temporal variability of VOCs and methane at contaminated sites.  A developing theme among environmental scientists and engineers is that vapor intrusion risks are dynamic and, therefore, vapor intrusion investigations should be, too.

Ideally, investigations should involve continuous monitoring, instead of relying on just one or two discrete monitoring events.  For the entire announcement, go to: http://www.everettassociates.net/article/4815-a-new-book-from-dr-lorne-everett. For the book, go to http://www.astm.org/DIGITAL_LIBRARY/STP/SOURCE_PAGES/STP1570_foreword.pdf

Implementing Stormwater Infiltration Practices at Vacant Parcels and Brownfield Sites
U.S. EPA has released a new guide to help communities, developers, and other stakeholders determine the appropriateness of stormwater infiltration on vacant parcels and brownfield sites. In planning infiltration-based stormwater management practices, care must be taken not to mobilize contaminants in the soil which could increase the risk of groundwater contamination. The new guide walks decision-makers through a series of questions to determine whether infiltration or other stormwater management approaches are appropriate for a specific brownfield property.

U.S. EPA Guide Addresses Runoff at Brownfield Sites - the Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) released guidance September 25 to inform urban planners, engineers anddevelopers how they can use bioswales, rain gardens and porous pavements to capture stormwater runoff at brownfield sites without mobilizing pollutants in the soil and contaminating groundwater.  The guidance, "Implementing Stormwater Infiltration Practices at Vacant Parcels and Brownfield Sites," addresses six key questions to determine whether infiltration - which allows accumulated stormwater runoff to percolate into the subsoil - or other management approaches are appropriate for a specific brownfield property.  The guidance, prepared by the PA Office of Water and the Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, indicates that stormwater management planning should be done alongside site investigation, state approvals, selection of cleanup approaches and design and engineering of site improvements.  The guidance is available at http://water.epa.gov/infrastructure/greeninfrastructure/upload/brownfield_infiltration_decision_tool.pdf

2013 State Brownfields and Voluntary Response Programs Report and 2013 Tribal Brownfields and Response Programs Report. This report explores the evolving landscape of state environmental, financial, and technical programs, including the incentives designed to promote brownfields cleanup and redevelopment.  This user-friendly tool looks at multiple components of state brownfields and voluntary response program(s) and contact information.

IRTC's Technical & Regulatory Guidance Document:  Green and Sustainable Remediation:  A Practible Framework (GSR-2, 2011) and IRTC's Overview Document: Green and Sustainable Remediation:  State of the Science and Practice. Many state and federal agencies are just beginning to assess andapply green and sustaiable remediation (GSR) into their regulatory programs. These documents provide basic GSR principles and definitions, background on GSR concepts, a scalable and flexible framework and metrics, and tools and resources to conduct GSR evaluations on remedial projects. This information should help organizations initiating GSR programs, as well as those organizations seeking to incorporate GSR considerationsinto existing regulatory guidance.

Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM) Contained-In Policy Guidance for the Resource Conversation and Recovery Act (RCRA)
This nonrule policy document is intended solely as guidance and does not have the effect of law or represent formal IDEM decisions or final actions.  This guidance is intended to clarify the application of RCRA hazardous waste regulations to environmental media (i.e., soil and groundwater). The U.S. EPA "contained-in policy" states that soil and groundwater which does not contain "listed" RCRA hazardous waste, and which is not otherwise hazardous, is not subject to RCRA regulation. EPA Regions and authorized states, including Indiana, may apply the contained-in policy to determine site-specific, media-specific and contaminant-specific health-based levels, such that if the concentration of the hazardous constituents in the environmental media fall below the specified health-based levels, the environmental media may be determined to no longer contain hazardous waste. A "contained-in" determination must be obtained from IDEM. Implementation issues and background are discussed in this nonrule policy. Click here for more information.

U.S. EPA Notification of Regulated Waste Activity
This booklet is designed to help determine if a company is subject to requirements under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) for notifying the U.S. EPA of regulated waste activities.  Click here for more information.

Smart Growth America Brownfields Redevelopment Tool
Smart Growth America released a new tool designed to help encourage and aid community engagement in the brownfields redevelopment process. The Organizing to Promote Targeted Improvements in Our Neighborhoods (OPTIONs) Community Engagement Workbook is a series of seven worksheets with instructions designed to help community groups think about how to organize, what they need, and how to build a strategy to participate in the redevelopment process. Community groups can use these tools on their own, but they can be just as useful for local governments seeking working with partners in federally- and state-mandated community engagement programs. For more information, see Smart Growth America's website or contact Colleen Cain, Senior Policy Analyst at the Northeast-Midwest Institute. 

New CLU-IN Focus Area on Bioremediation. The new bioremediation focus area provides a general introduction to aerobic, anaerobic, and cometabolic biodegradation mechanisms, as well as guidance, and site specific information. Both in situ and ex situ technologies are addressed. View and use at http://clu-in.org/bioremediation

Environmental due diligence issues are clarified by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) in the following newly released U.S. EPA guidance documents:

ASTSWMO's Community Gardening on Brownfields Toolbox, October 2012 - The Association of State and Territorial Solid Waste Management Officials (ASTSWMO) Brownfields Focus Group has finalized its general toolbox on community gardens.  This is designated to assist States by providing a reference guide for community gardening at brownfield sites.  States can add their own State-specific and other regulatory information to increase the document's applicability and usefulness.  Check out the document at: http://astswmo.org/Pages/Policies_and_Publications/CERCLA_and_Brownfields.htm

International District Energy Association (IDEA) Community Energy Development Guide.  IDEA is revising the original United Kingdom publication Community Energy: Planning, Development and Delivery Guide for the U.S. market.  This guide was written to support and guide planners and project developers through the energy project development process.  Interest in the Guide was noted at IDEA's Annual Conference, held in conjunction with the Canadian District Energy Association, in Toronto in 2011.  Once published, the Guide will be made available to project developers for free by distributing it electronically through multiple industry partners, including the U.S. DOE Clean Energy Application Centers; the EPA CHP Partnership Program; the American Planning Association; US Department of Commerce; and a variety of non-governmental organizations.  In addition, a print edition will be released through various channels.

EPA's new publication provides and overview of the key federal tax incentives and credits available which can be leveraged for brownfields cleanup, redevelopment and reuse, including the Brownfields Tax Incentive.

Technical Assistance to Brownfields (TAB) Program

Brownfields Federal Programs Guide

U.S. EPA's State and Local Climate and Energy Program Guidance Documents

Interim Resource Guide:  Greener Cleanups through Sustainable Materials Management

EPA's new document "Petroleum Brownfields: Developing Inventories" is intended to help those interested in developing an inventory of relatively low-risk, petroleum-contaminated brownfield properites.

EPA's Office of Site Remediation Enforcement (OSRE) has launched a new webpage that offers state and local government information on liability concerns related to the acquisition of contaminated property, whether by involuntary acquisition or through a negotiated purchase.

Recover Your Resources - Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle Construction and Demolition Materials at Land Revitalization Projects EPA-560-F-08-242 (April 2008)

Green Remediation: Incorporating Sustainable Enrivonmental Practices into Remediation of Contaminated Sites, EPA/OSWER Office of Superfund Remediation and Technology Innovation. (April 2008)

Green Remediation Technical Primer - Green Remediation is the practice of considering all environmental effects of remedy implementation and incorporating options to maximize net environmental benefit of cleanup actions.

Risk Integrated System of Closure (RISC)

EPA OSWER Draft Guidance for Evaluating the Vapor Intrusion to Indoor Air Pathway from Groundwater and Soils (Subsurface Vapor Intrusion Guidance)

"Institutional Controls: A Citizen's Guide to Understanding Institutional Controls at Superfund, Brownfields, Federal Facilities, Underground Storage Tanks, and Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Cleanups" (U.S. EPA, OSWER 9255.0-98)

Vapor Intrusion Issues at Brownfield Sites (December 2003) Prepared by The Interstate Technology & Regulatory Council Brownfields Team

Brownfields Redevelopment: A Guidebook for Local Governments and Communities (2003) The second edition of ICMA's brownfields guidebook examines the fundamental issues related to brownfields, land use, and other redevelopment tools and strategies available to local governments, as well as the innovative practices and technologies necessary. Appendix 1 has been updated.

E1984-03 Standard Guide for Process of Sustainable Brownfields Redevelopment
Click here to link

Indianapolis Brownfields Redevelopment Toolbox

Road Map to Understanding Innovative Technology Options for Brownfields Investigation and Cleanup (September 2005)

Directory of Technology Support Services to Brownfields Localities

U.S. EPA has a new product on petroleum brownfields titled Opportunities for Petroleum Brownfields (EPA 510-R-11-002) - this 51-page report was developed to give stakeholders information and examples they can use to assess, clean up, and safely reuse petroleum sites in ways that can benefit communities. The report presents five categories of petroleum brownfields, examples of successful reuse projects within those categories, and funding and technical assistance resources for petroleum brownfields revitalization. This is available on U.S.EPA's website at www.epa.gov/oust/pubs/pbfopportunities.htm.

This and other products can be found on U.S. EPA’s petroleum brownfields website at www.epa.gov/oust/petroleumbrownfields.

Periodicals

Brownfield Renewal is a national magazine that offers the latest brownfield industry news while providing an opportunity for people to connect and network with others in the industry.

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Books/Reports/Articles

"On the Road to Reuse:  Residential Demolition Bid Specification Development Tool" - U.S. EPA Region 5 produced a residential demolition bid specification toolkit for entities engaged in residential demolition operations.  The bid specification development tool highlights environmental issues and concerns that may arise in connection with a demolition project, particularly those concerns that can be factored into the demolition contracting process.  The use of environmentally beneficial demolition practices can result in long- and short-term environmental benefits and set the stage for vacant lot revitalization.

This report identifies the environmentally-sensitive activities associated with demolishing residences, from pre-planning to demolition to site rehabilitation (e.g. hazardous materials abatement, fill material selection and placement, material recycling or deconstruction).  For each of the activities, the report provides decision-making information and bid specification language suggestions to assist local government officials in updating their bid specification documents.

Report available at: http://www2.epa.gov/large-scale-residential-demolition/road-reuse-residential-demolition-bid-specification-development

Roadmap for Auto Community Revitalization - The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Office of Brownfields and Land Revitalization (OBLR), the Department of Labor's (DOL) Office of Recovery for Auto Communities and Workers, and the Manufacturing Alliance of Communities (formerly the Mayors Automotive Coalition (MAC) are jointly releasing "Roadmap for Auto Community Revitalization." The document provides resources and infrmation for communities affected by the recent restructuring of the U.S. auto industry.  As these cities and towns move forward with efforts to rebuild sustainable and economically vibrant communities, this roadmap can provide useful information about the sources of funding and technical assistance currently available to communities with historical ties to the automotive industry, or "auto communities."  The Roadmap also provides many stories describing the experiences of auto towns, large and small, throughout the United States.  These efforts were led by the mayors, city managers, economic development directors, and other elected and appointed officials who are driving auto community revitalization on the local level.  These communities are learning many lessons as they travel the long road to community revitalization.

Evaluation of the Brownfields Program - Part I and II (PDF) - 2012 report
Evaluation of the Brownfields Program - Part III (PDF) - 2012 report

Indiana finds a creative way to finance brownfields redevelopment. Article posted on May 16, 2013 by Smart Growth America.  Written by Meredith Gramelspacher, Director and General Counsel of the Indiana Brownfields Program.

Indiana's toolbox for creative brownfields financing includes one source that is seldom used outside of Indiana:  Supplemental Environmental Projects.  Supplemental Environmental Projects (SEPs) are used by the Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM) Office of Enforcement in negotiating settlements of enforcement cases.  These environmentally-beneficial projects improve, protect, or reduce risks to public health or the environment.  A regulated entity agrees to undertake the project in further settlement of an enforcement action, but which the regulated entity is not otherwise legally required to perform.  In certain cases, IDEM agrees to allow a respondent to make a cash payment of an agreed-upon dollar amount directly to the Indiana Finance Authority in lieu of an assessed civil penalty for use on a brownfield project in the city, town or county in which the violation underlying the enforcement action occurred.  The Indiana Brownfields Program then coordinates with the beneficiary community to select a brownfield property at which to utilize the SEP Funds consistent with Brownfield SEP guidelines.  Click here for full article.

Engineering Issue Paper: Sustainable Materials Management in Site Cleanup (EPA 542-F-13-001).  Sites undergoing cleanup provide opportunities for reducting waste and diverting it from landfills.  Many of the opportunities involve reusing onsite materials, reusing or recycling materials offsite, and procuring construction materials with recycled content.  Site-specific examples of applying these and other strategies and an extensive compendium of related tools and resources are now available in this issue paper compiled by the Engineering Forum of the U.S. EPA's Technical Support Project (March 2013, 12 pages).  View or download at  http://www.epa.gov/superfund/remedytech/tsp/download/materials_management_issue%20paper.pdf

Sustainable Redevelopment Best Management Practices.  The Sustainable Brownfields Consortium, based at the University of Illinois at Chicago and including researchers and technical advisors from UIC, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Resources for the Future, Ryerson University, and Kandiyo, has posted numerous case studies and research reports from work under a U.S. EPA Brownfields Training, Research and Technical Assistance grant on best management practices and benefits of sustainable redevelopment of brownfield sites.  The research can be found at: http://www.uic.edu/orgs/brownfieldds/research-results/.

Repurposing Former Automotive Manufacturing Sites - a November 2011 U.S. Department of Labor report on closed auto manufacturing facilities in the United States, and what communities have done to repurpose the sites.  Please check out this link for more information:  http://www.cargroup.org/assets/files/repurposing.pdf

Smart Growth America "From Vacancy to Vibrancy" - focuses on underground storage tank (UST) sites, properties with buried or partially buried tanks that have been used to store petroleum or other hazardous substances.  When gas stations, auto body shops, industrial facilities or other types of devlopment close down, these tanks are often left behind.  As they age, the tanks are prone to leakage and can contaminate both soil and groundwater, posing a serious environmental threat.  The new guide provides an overview of the tools and strategies available to leaders who want to transform vacant properties with USTs into economic and community assets.  The guide also includes information about state and federal brownfield program requirements, brownfield redevelopment financing strategies, and multi-state planning techniques.  For the full report, visit the SGA website.  For more information, contact Colleen Cain, Senior Policy Analyst at NEMWI.

Cultivating Green Energy on Brownfields: A Nuts and Bolts Primer for Local Governments - released by the National Association of Local Governmental Professionals (NALGEP) to assist local governments in supporting the development of renewable energy on brownfields and other potentially contaminated, idle properties, specificially with determining how to incorporate reneweable energy as a possible redevelopment strategy for brownfields in their communities.  The free primer is available at http://www.nalgep.org/.

Brownfields Road Map to Understanding Options for Site Investigation and Cleanup, Fifth Edition (EPA 542-R-12-001) - the new Brownfields Road Map publication and companion website provide a general outline of how to assess and clean up a brownfields site and introduce stakeholders to a range of technology options and available resources.  General concepts and basic considerations that affect the cleanup of brownfields sites are described with a new "Back to Basics" approach that covers setting reuse goals and planning, understanding regulations and liability concerns, engaging tech community and identifying funding.  Targeted for non-technical stakeholders and technical professionals, the Brownfields Road Map walks users through the big picture of managing a brownfields site from assessment to reuse and introduces technology options and considerations for each phase.  The new Brownfields Road Map website connects users to the publication online and provides direct access to technical resources.  View or download at http://www.brownfieldstsc.org/.

An Approach for Evaluating the Progress of Natural Attenuation in Groundwater (EPA 600-R-11-204) - the purpose of this document is to present a simple, statistically based approach for evaluating the progress of natural attenuation from the data collected during site characterization and long term monitoring.  The intended audience is technical professionals that actually perform the dtata analyses decisions based on those analyses (December 2011, 84 pages).  View or download at http://www.epa.gov/nrmrl/pubs/600r11204.pdf.

New Green Remediation Focus RSS Feed - CLU-IN visitors have been notified when new content is posted by subscribing to the RSS feeds since 2005.  A new targeted RSS feed has been added for the Green Remediation Focus area.  RSS is a form of web syndication and information aggregation.  Instead of having to repeatedly browse websites for information of interest, this information is sent directly to you.  CLU-IN's RSS feeds provide headlines and short descriptions of new CLU-IN content with links to the full version.  This happens when new content is loaded onto the site.  For more information and to subscribe, visit http://clu-in.org/rss/about/ or http://clu-in.org/greenremediation/.

Technology News and Trends (EPA 542-N-12-001) - this issue highlighs strategies being used to remediate contaminated soil, sediment, or groundwater while restoring a site's ecological system.  The strategies involve constructed wetlands, phytotechnologies, and soil amendments (February 2012, 6 pages).  View or download at http://clu-in.org/techpubs.htm.

Technology Innovation News Survey - this contains market/commercialization information; reports on demonstrations, feasibility studies and research; and other news relevant to the hazardous waste community interested in technology development.  Recent issues, complete archives, and subscription information is available at http://clu-in.org/products/tins/. The following resources were included in recent issues:

  • Phytoremediation for the Containment and Treatment of Energetic and Propellant Material Releases on Testing and Training Ranges
  • Fusion of Tomography Tests for DNAPL Source Zone Characterization: Technology Development and Validation
  • Application of Tools to Measure PCB Microbial Dechlorination and Flux Into Water During In-Situ Treatment of Sediments

The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) report entitled "Sustainability and the U.S. EPA is intended to help the U.S. EPA better assess the social, environmental, and economic impacts of its decision-making.  The report is available for free and is posted online at: http://sites.nationalacademies.org/PGA/sustainability/EPA/index.htm

Resources for Recreational Reuses

Trust for Public Land-Resources for Brownfields to Park Projects

The Trust for Public Land devotes several web pages to brownfield to park modeal projects and brownfield to urban sculpture gardens. TPL's Center for City Park Excellence documents the role of parks in 75 new redevelopment projects accross the country. Peter Harnick's book "Urban Green: Innovative Parks for Resurgent Cities" (Island Press, 2010) offers "16 practical and realistic methods of making new parks in every kind of U.S. city, even such crowded places as Boston, Chicago, San Fransisco, and New York."

Association of State and Territorial Solid Waste Management Officials (ASTSWMO) Incentives for Greener Cleanups

The mission of the Association of State and Territorial Solid Waste Management Officials (ASTSWMO) Greener Cleanups Task Force is to facilitate cleanup decisions that increase net environmental benefits of remediation and contribute to site sustainability. To achieve this mission the Task Force identified nine initiatives that it believes will incentivize entities to employ greener remediation approaches at underground storage tank, Brownfields, Federal Facility, RCRA, Superfund, and State site cleanups. (June 2009, 17 pages).

Using Tax Increment Financing for Brownfields Redevelopment (2007) by Evans Paull, Northeast-Midwest Institute

Strategies for Success: Regional Approaches to Brownfields Redevelopment (June 2006) National Association of Development Organizations (NADO) Research Foundation

This report examines and profiles the 46 regional development organizations that have received EPA brownfields funding between 1998 and 2005. The report details how these organizations became involved in brownfields redevelopment, what their specific roles, tasks and outcomes have been related to brownfields redevelopment, and what financing tools were used to implement the work.

Targeted Area Redevelopment (2005) by the International Economic Development Council
This publication examines core issues and best practices in targeted area redevelopment, which derives synergy from the improvement of multiple properties. It illustrates how communities designate an area for redevelopment and use powers to: 1) acquire land; 2) return land to the private sector; and 3) designate tax increment financing districts. The publication discusses these topics in-depth, concentrating on approaches and case studies in nine states.

Brownfields Insurance for Public Sector-Led Development Projects: Experience and Methods (May 2005) This latest report, co-authored by Northern Kentucky University and University of Louisville under a grant from US EPA, recounts the role of environmental insurance in three public sector-led development efforts over a period of more than two years. The report includes lessons learned from these experiences and concludes with a discussion of the processes and issues that need to be addressed when purchasing environmental insurance.

Updated version - Brownfields Federal Programs Guide (August 2005) by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
There are nearly two dozen federal programs that can help communities in one way or another to assess, cleanup and reuse brownfields.

State Brownfield Insurance Programs (December 2006) by Northern Kentucky University /University of Louisville Document

State Brownfields and Voluntary Response Programs: An Update from the States (November 2009) ("State Program Summary") by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency This user-friendly tool looks at multiple components of state brownfields and voluntary response program(s), and provides a synopsis of each state's response program(s) and contact information.

Brownfield Redevelopment: Stakeholders Report That EPA's Program Helps to Redevelop Sites, but Additional Measures Could Complement Agency Efforts (December 2004) by the U.S. Government Accounting Office

GIS and Brownfields: Encouraging Redevelopment, Public Involvement, and Smart Growth (2004)
This brochure provides an introduction to geographic information systems (GIS) products and their importance in the brownfields redevelopment systems.

Communication on Contaminated Land Booklet (December 2004) by Lida Schelwald-vd Kley from NICOLE, the Network for Industrially Contaminated Land in Europe. This report recognizes the need for practical guidance on risk communication in the context of sustainable land management. The communication of risks associated with contaminated land to those who are not directly involved in the project is unique in the sense that soil and groundwater contamination tends to be invisible and may therefore be perceived as a 'hidden danger' caused by others, with exposure being largely involuntary. It is also often disruptive and with no perceived direct benefits to many of those involved.

RCRA in Focus: Construction, Demolition, and Renovation (September 2004) by U.S. EPA's Office of Solid Waste This publication is intended to provide a basic understanding of the regulatory requirements for hazardous construction and demolition waste. Features include information on managing and reducing hazardous C & D wastes.

Unlocking Brownfields: Keys to Community Revitalization (Fall 2004) by NALGEP and Northeast-Midwest Institute This report represents the culmination of a decade of research and experience focused on brownfields reuse and includes the "10 Keys to Brownfields Revitalization."

Six Common Threads: Weaving Successful Brownfields Projects In Rural and Small Communities (December 2003) by the National Association of Development Organizations (NADO) Redeveloping brownfields sites in rural and small communities is a demanding and challenging process. A considerable amount of time, commitment, resources and leadership are critical for the project's ultimate success. There are common threads shared among successful redevelopment initiatives in rural and small communities.

Brownfield Sites II: Assessment, Rehabilitation and Development (May 2004) by A. DONATI and C. ROSSI, University of Siena, Italy and C.A. BREBBIA, Wessex Institute of Technology, UK
Bringing together information, experience and research from many countries in order to give readers the ability to help revitalize their communities, this volume features papers from the Second International Conference on Assessment, Rehabilitation and Development of Brownfield Sites.

Incorporating Brownfields Revitalization Projects into Regional Comprehensive Economic Planning - The Impact on Rural and Small Metropolitan Redevelopment (October 2004) by the National Association of Development Organizations

Updated version - Reusing Land and Restoring Hope: A Report to Stakeholders from the US EPA Brownfields Program (2003) Investing in Partnerships, Possibility, and People: A Report to Stakeholders from the US EPA Brownfields Program (2005)

Getting to Smart Growth II: 100 More Policies for Implementation (November 2003) by ICMA and the Smart Growth Network This primer provides states and communities a mix of policy options that can be mixed and matched to fit local circumstances, visions and values; and highlights steps that the private sector can take to encourage more livable communities.

Co-location: Facilitating Revitalization Beyond Brownfields Borders (October 2003) by Elizabeth Stasiak, ICMA Co-location is the revitalization strategy of linking the redevelopment of brownfields with nearby or adjacent properties that-like brownfields-can be a challenge to redevelop.

Using the Triad Approach to Streamline Brownfields Site Assessment and Cleanup "Brownfields Technology Primer Series" (EPA 542-B-03-002) (June 2003). The primer contains a description of the three elements of the Triad approach with examples. It also discusses the role of the technical team in managing a project, procurement considerations when planning a project, and decision-support software and other tools that are available to help brownfields site managers.

Greenways for America by Charles Little This book details the environmental, economic, recreational, and social benefits of greenways. Available for $20 from the Conservation Fund, 1800 N. Kent St., Suite 1120, Arlington, VA 22209.

Greenways: A Guide to Planning, Design and Development by Chuck Flink, Loring Schwarz, and Robert Searns A "soup-to-nuts" guide to the practical issues involved in planning and designing greenways and trails. This book is no longer in publication, please check your local library for availability.

Recreational Trails Program Publications U.S. Dept. of Transportation Federal Highway Administration

Acting Neighborly: Coordination of Brownfields Redevelopment Efforts Among Neighboring Jurisdictions (2003) by the International City/County Management Association This study describes how coordinating brownfields redevelopment efforts among multiple local governments can offer a number of benefits to the partners involved.

Financing Strategies for Brownfield Cleanup and Redevelopment (June 2003) by Charles Bartsch or Barbara Wells of the Northeast-Midwest Institute This report describes the special costs and financial risks associated with brownfield reuse. The report details innovative ways to leverage private-sector financing through federal, state, and local programs, and it underscores remaining barriers to using federal programs at brownfield sites.

Brownfield Sites: Assessment, Rehabilitation and Development This book features papers presented at Brownfields 2002, the First International Conference on assessment, Rehabilitation and Development of Brownfield Sites.

The Sustainable City II: Urban Regeneration and Sustainability (L. C. Wadhwa) A paper on the global perspectives in sustainable urban environments.

Growing Greener: Revitalizing Brownfields Into Greenspace (Fall 2002)
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Coordinating Brownfields Redevelopment and Local Housing Initiatives (2003) International City/County Management Association. This report focuses on the potential for redeveloping brownfields for residential reuse. The findings of the report can help local governments evaluate whether the redevelopment of a brownfields property into residential use is appropriate for the community or the site, and identify the ways in which such a project can be planned and implemented successfully.

The Role of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in Brownfield Redevelopment (March 2003) by Barbara Wells of the Northeast-Midwest Institute. This report describes the authorities and agreements that enable the Corps to assist in brownfield projects and provides a variety of case studies that illustrate the Corps' role. The report also notes legal, procedural, and financial barriers to the Corps' brownfield activities, and suggests ways to facilitate the Corps' involvement when it can leverage ongoing Corps projects.

Community Involvement in Brownfield Redevelopment (March 2003) by Charles Bartsch A report on the components of effective citizen participation in brownfield projects and its benefits for both communities and developers. The report also offers lessons learned from successful redevelopment efforts, drawn from exemplary projects nationwide.

Brownfields Projects to Help Public Health Joel S. Hirschhorn, National Governors Association This NGA report was presented at the Brownfields 2002 Conference. By using smart growth principles and new community designs, brownfields projects can improve public health by promoting routine physical activity and providing urban green infrastructure.

Across Local Borders (January 2003) Elizabeth Stasiack from ICMA. This report explores the benefits and opportunities that regional coordination of brownfields redevelopment efforts can yield.

Growing Greener: Revitalizing Brownfields to Greenspace (2002) Danielle Miller Wagner and Riti Dhesi This report provides information about different types of green spaces, examples of successful projects from a variety of communities, and strategies for creative financing, leveraging resources, and open and active communications to address community issues.

Small Spaces, Special Places: Coordination of Rural Brownfields Redevelopment by Molly Singer (2002) This report details challenges and strategies for brownfields redevelopment as well as a range of funding opportunities. The report is extensively augmented by case studies and best practices.

Old Tools and New Measures: Local Government Coordination of Brownfields Redevelopment for Historic and Cultural Reuses by Molly Singer and Adam Ploetz (2002) This report details challenges and strategies for brownfields redevelopment as well as a range of funding opportunities. The report is extensively augmented by case studies and best practices.

Linking Brownfields Redevelopment and Greenfields Protection for Sustainable Development (August 2001) Strategic actions presented in the report aim to promote sustainable development through urban revitalization and the preservation of agricultural lands and other open spaces.

Technical Approaches to Characterizing and Redeveloping Brownfields Sites: Municipal Landfills and Illegal Dumps January 2002 (EPA 625-R-02-002) This document helps users to understand the problems associated with redevelopment of these sites, the sources of information which may help to assess the sites, and the regulatory groups which should be involved in the process.

New Mission for Brownfields - Attacking Sprawl by Revitalizing Older Communities (2000) by the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices. This report reveals how some states are leading the way in brownfields cleanup projects by eliminating barriers to redevelopment and improving incentives and assistance to developers.

Valuing Contaminated Properties: An Appraisal Institute Anthology (2002) edited by Richard J. Roddewig, MAI, CRE. This book chronicals the stigma the market attaches to environmental risk, the evolution of the ongoing investigation in the appraisal literature, and the changing legal environment in which these issues are addressed.

Navigating the Waters: Coordination of Waterfront Brownfields Redevelopment (2002) by ICMA staff. This report examines the economic, environmental, public health, and social challenges and opportunities local governments face when redeveloping brownfields along coastlines and waterways, as well as the considerations that will affect regional watersheds.

Getting the Job Done: Strategies and Lessons Learned in Facilitating Brownfields Job Training (2002) by ICMA staff. This report examines the role of local government in establishing job training programs in coordination with brownfields redevelopment efforts. Research and case studies were performed by ICMA in U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Brownfields Job Training and Demonstration Pilot communities to identify the role that local government can play in fostering workforce development and the conditions under which a community may be able to initiate and sustain a job training program.

Brownfields and Utility Sites: A Primer for Local Governments (February 2002) by the Superfund/Brownfield Research Institute. This report details some of the unique issues involved in redeveloping properties owned or formerly owned by oil, gas, and electric utility companies. Types of former utility sites include former manufactured gas plant sites (MGP), disposal stations, tank farms, substations, service facilities, rights-of-way parcels, and treatment plants.

Recycling America's Gas Stations - The Value and Promise of Revitalizing Petroleum Contaminated Properties (2002) by the Northeast-Midwest Institute and the National Association of Local Government Environmental Professionals. This report concludes that tackling petroleum sites from the vantage point of redevelopment and reuse, rather than only from the perspective of contamination and cleanup, is key to UST fields success.

Reclamation and Economic Regeneration of Brownfields (2000) by Peter B. Meyer and H. Wade Van Landingham. This review will assist economic development organizations in understanding the problems and broad-ranging community benefits associated with brownfield projects.

Working on Brownfields: The Employment and Training Connection 1998 by Paula Duggan. This report explores the workforce dimension of brownfield renewal and offers local practitioners examples of how job training and employment can be melded with environmental restoration.

All Aboard For Revitalization: How Local Governments Can Restore America's Historic Train Stations (2000) This report details the role that local governments can play in leading station restoration projects. It provides a first stop reference on how to revitalize train centers, focusing primarily on the use of train stations as transportation centers.

Brownfields Blueprints: A Study of the Showcase Communities Initiative (2001) Brownfields Blueprints examines the landmark Brownfields Showcase Communities Initiative, a federal program to study and promote brownfields redevelopment in sixteen Showcase Communities across the nation.

Righting the Wrong: A Model Plant for Environmental Justice in Brownfields Redevelopment (2001) This publication is a guidebook that outlines steps a local entity can take to develop successful policies and practices when addressing existing environmental justice issues and the avoidance of future instances.

Beyond Fences: Brownfields and the Challenges of Land Use Controls (2000) Learn how local governments and communities design the necessary infrastructure and legal mechanisms to monitor long-term residual contamination and ensure protection of public health and the environment.

Redeveloping Brownfields with Federal Transportation Funds produced by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Association of Metropolitan Planning Organizations (AMPO). To download the report, click on the following URL:

Environmental Site Assessments and Their Impact on Property Values: The Appraiser's Role by Robert V. Colangelo, CPG and Ronald D. Miller, Esq., published by the Appraisal Institute in 1995. This book promises to give appraisers a better understanding of the documentation that exists in the field and how it can be used to augment and support the valuation process.

A Guidebook for Brownfield Property Owners (Washington, DC 1999) by the Environmental Law Institute.

A Blueprint for Brownfield Redevelopment Published by the Council of Great Lakes Governors in 1998, this publication presents a range of innovative strategies and practical solutions regarding the cleanup and redevelopment of brownfield sites around the region. Included are case studies, ideas that work, state and provincial brownfield program overviews, and a directory of agency-level technical issue experts. For a copy of this publication, contact Pete Johnson.

Brownfields Redevelopment: Programs and strategies for rehabilitating contaminated real estate by Mark S. Dennison (1998).

The Re-Use of Contaminated Land: A Handbook of Risk Assessment by Tom Cairney. Risk assessment approach discusses reclaiming contaminated land for productive reuse to ensure the public and wider environment are not exposed to unacceptable risks (1995).

Redeveloping Brownfields: Landscape Architects, Planners and Developers by Tom Russ. Discusses the latest techniques in site evaluation, bioremediation and phytoremediation, strategies for government management, wastewater treatment, coordination with other professionals and stakeholders and more. CD-ROM contains state-by-state regulations, compliance checklists and resource databases (1999).

Zweig Market Intelligence Focus: Brownfields Outlook for A/E/P & Environmental Consulting Firms by Zweig White (1999).

Risk-Based Corrective Action and Brownfields Restorations: Proceedings of Sessions of Geo-Congress 98: October 18-21, 1998, Boston, Massachusetts(1998).

Brownfields: Redeveloping Distressed Properties by Harold J. Rafson and Robert N. Rafson. Covers all aspects of redeveloping environmentally distressed properties and looks at real estate issues (1999).

The Brownfields Book by Roy F. Weston and Jennifer & Block. A comprehensive guide on the legal and financial tools available to business, government, and community leaders to profitably redevelop Brownfields (1997).

Brownfields: A Comprehensive Guide to Redeveloping Contaminated Property by Todd S. David and Kevin D. Margolis. A resource guide to Brownfields redevelopment, crossing a number of professional disciplines and providing readily available information on emerging state and federal programs (1997).

Environmental Insurance for Brownfields Redevelopment: A Feasibility Study. Explores whether a new tool, environmental insurance, can help stimulate the redevelopment of urban brownfields.

Brownfields by Charles Bartsch and Elizabeth Collaton. Sponsored by the Northeast-Midwest Institute, this study offers analysis and practical guidance on how Brownfields have been and can be brought back to life (1997).

Coming Clean for Economic Development by the Northeast-Midwest Institute. Describes innovative state "voluntary cleanup programs" and features in-depth case studies of projects that have worked.

Lessons from the Field: Unlocking Economic Potential with an Environmental Key by Edith Pepper. Profiles 20 brownfield projects across the country; identifies innovative financing strategies, regulatory mechanisms, institutional arrangements, cost-effective technologies and public-private partnerships.

Brownfields Redevelopment: A Guidebook for Local Governments and Communities by the Northeast-Midwest Institute and the International City/County Management Association.

Turning Brownfields into Greenbacks: Developing and Financing Environment by Robert Simons. A guide for real estate practitioners in the development of brownfields (1998).

Federal Initiatives in Support of Brownfields Redevelopment by Ann Eberhart Goode, Elizabeth Collation and Charles Bartsch, with research assistance by Philip Strother and Bennett Gray. This inventory, targeted to local government officials and private-sector practitioners, provides a summary of each federal agency's brownfield programs, as well as contact and grant information.

Financing Brownfield Reuse edited by Charles Bartsch. This 11-article collection provides a detailed survey of state and federal initiatives; perspectives from lenders, insurers, and real estate appraisers; as well as profiles of local financing initiatives.

Marketing Brownfield Cleanup Technologies by Julie Gorte. This report explains that with the surge of interest in brownfield redevelopment, a few new technologies have been widely adopted, and a few others show promise.

Transportation Investments and Brownfields by David Smallen and Ann Eberhart Goode. This paper describes federal transportation spending and policies. It also outlines the manner in which transportation projects relate to brownfield reuse, and it describes the US Department of Transportation's policy direction with regard to brownfields.

Working on Brownfields: The Employment and Training Connection by Paula Duggan. This report explores the workforce dimension of brownfield renewal and offers local practitioners examples of how job training and employment can be melded with environmental restoration.

Report on Brownfields Insurance Products distributed by LGEAN. Produced by Northern Kentucky University and the E.P. Systems Group, Inc., this is a new report that focuses on environmental insurance products that are appropriate for purchase by public and private stakeholders involved in redeveloping brownfields, and is designed to guide users on the potential value of environmental insurance. It also examines other risk management techniques by reviewing the risks that are associated with brownfields projects and discussing ways that they may be addressed. To order a free copy of this report, contact LGEAN at 877/TO-LGEAN or send e-mail to the following address: lgean at icma.org

Repowering America's Land fact sheet - Potential Advantages of Reusing Potentially Contaminated Land for Renewable Energy

RE-Powering America's Land:  Renewable Energy on Potentially Contaminated Land and Mine Sites

Rural Revitalization:  EPA's Brownfields Program Working With Small and Rural Communities fact sheet

New Guidebook: Federal Resources for Sustainable Rural Communities -  is a guide to programs from the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the Partnership for Sustainable Communities (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and Departments of Transportation and of Housing & Urban Development). Each agency offers different ways of approaching infrastructure planning and construction, economic development, pollution cleanup, and other issues that are part of achieving sustainable communities. This new guide provides key information on funding and technical assistance opportunities available from the four agencies, as well as examples of how rural communities across the country have put these programs into action.  The guide is available here.

For more information, contact Beth Zgoda, Policy Analyst at the Northeast-Midwest Institute.

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Mention of non-IFA documents, reports and articles does not constitute an IFA endorsement of their contents, only an acknowledgment that they exist and may be relevant to our brownfields redevelopment stakeholders.

E-Tools for Brownfields

Sustainable Management Approaches and Revitalization Tools - electronic, known to its friends as SMARTe, is an open-source (that means it's free!), web-based (you can get to it from any computer with an internet connection), decision support system for developing and evaluating future reuse scenarios for potentially contaminated land (that means it will help you decide how to best redevelop land that has previously been used for something else). SMARTe contains guidance and analysis tools for all aspects of the revitalization process including planning, environmental, economic, and social concerns.

The TAB program has been established as part of EPA's Brownfields Initiative to help communities clean and redevelop properties that have been damaged or undervalued by environmental contamination. The purpose of these efforts is to create better jobs, increase the local tax base, improve neighborhood environments, and enhance the overall quality of life.

The Center for Hazardous Substances Research (CHSR) website also provides information about the TAB Program at http://www.engg.ksu.edu/CHSR/.

Other Brownfield or Brownfield-related Programs

Disclaimer

Mention of non-Indiana Finance Authority (IFA) Web site links does not constitute an IFA endorsement of their contents, only an acknowledgement that they exist and may be relevant to our brownfields redevelopment stakeholders.

Project Highlights

A former Studebaker facility has been redeveloped into a new transfer/recycling station in South Bend, referred to as Green Tech Recycling (Green Tech). This is a great example of how thinking green for the environment can bring cost savings, new jobs, and community enrichment.

After a long industrial past, the former Studebaker Plant 8 facility sat vacant for 12 years. Mother Earth LLC (Mother Earth) then acquired the property in 2005 and invested $4 million for its demolition, remediation, and redevelopment. The Indiana Brownfields Program provided $45,123 in assessment and remediation grants to Saint Joseph County for the project, and the City of South Bend provided $67,000 in funding from a brownfield assessment grant that it received from the U.S. EPA.